Electoral College FAQ
What is the Electoral College?
The Electoral College is made up of 538 American citizens (Electors). 538 represents the collective number of Senators and Representatives in each of the fifty states combined, plus three Electors from Washington D.C. To win the Presidency, the Presidential Nominee must obtain 270 electoral votes.
In Oklahoma, Electors are elected in each Congressional District Convention and two are elected at the Oklahoma State Convention to represent our two U.S. Senators. For more information about our electors, see the bottom of this page.
Has a candidate ever won the popular vote, but lost the Electoral College?
Yes. Andrew Jackson (1824); Samuel Tilden (1876); Grover Cleveland (1888); Al Gore (2000); and Hillary Clinton (2016).
Are Electors required to vote the way their state voted?
There is not a Constitutional mandate on this topic; however, there are 29 states that, through various means, require their electors to vote how their state voted in the Presidential Election. Oklahoma is one of these states.
In Oklahoma, “Refusal or failure to vote by a Presidential Elector for the persons nominated for the offices of President and Vice President by the nominee’s party shall constitute a violation of the oath and shall result in the immediate forfeiture of the Elector’s office.” For more information about our electors’ requirements, see the bottom of this page.
What is the protocol for vote recounts in Oklahoma?
In Oklahoma, challenges to the election results, including a written request for a recount, had to be filed by Friday November 11, 2016 by 5pm. No challenges were filed and no automatic recounts were triggered. Therefore the results were certified as final on Tuesday November 15, 2016.
When is the Official Call to the Electoral College Meeting?
By law, the meeting of the Electors will be held in all states on December 19, 2016. Oklahoma statute states the meeting of Oklahoma Presidential Electors will take place at 10 a.m. on December 19, 2016 in the Governor’s Office at the State Capitol. Federal election law stipulates each state has until December 13 to certify the election and solve any challenges to the election.
Who are Oklahoma’s Electors?
Teresa Lyn Turner
Lauree Elizabeth Marshall
Charles W. Potts
George W. Wiland, Jr.
§26-10-102. Oath for Presidential Electors.
Every party nominee for Presidential Elector shall subscribe to an oath, stating that said nominee, if elected, will cast a ballot for the persons nominated for the offices of President and Vice President by the nominee’s party. The oath shall be notarized by a notary public and filed with the Secretary of the State Election Board no fewer than ninety (90) days prior to the General Election.
Failure of any party nominee to take and file the oath by such date shall automatically vacate his or her nomination and a substitute nominee shall be selected by the state central committee of the appropriate political party. It shall be the duty of the Secretary of the State Election Board to notify the chairman of the state central committee of the failure of any nominee to file the oath.
Refusal or failure to vote by a Presidential Elector for the persons nominated for the offices of President and Vice President by the nominee’s party shall constitute a violation of the oath and shall result in the immediate forfeiture of the Elector’s office. In such event, the vote shall not be recorded, a vacancy shall be declared, and the Presidential Electors present shall proceed to fill such vacancy as provided in Section 10-108 of this title.
In the event any Presidential Elector fails to meet at the Governor’s office at the prescribed time or refuses or fails to vote for the persons nominated for the offices of President and Vice President by the political party which nominated the Presidential Elector, it shall be the duty of the Electors present at the time and place aforesaid to appoint a person to fill such vacancy.
Any Presidential Elector who violates his oath as a Presidential Elector shall be guilty of a misdemeanor and, upon conviction thereof, shall be punished by a fine of not more than One Thousand Dollars ($1,000.00).